Sea Goldie

Identity card

Sea Goldie

Scientific name:
Pseudanthias squamipinnis
Year of description:
Peters, 1885
IUCN Status:
Least Concern

Not Evaluated


It is found in the Indo-West Pacific Ocean


At a depth of between 0 and 55 m, in tropical waters. Coral reefs, lagoons, and outer reef slopes.


15 cm on average for males, and 7 cm for females



Sea Goldie

The males are extremely territorial. Each male has a harem of about ten females.


The Sea Goldie is a gregarious species: it forms large schools.

did you know?

Where is the animal to be found?

The Sea Goldie lives in schools in temperate waters, close to corals, between the surface and a depth of 55 metres, and more commonly between 5 and 35 metres. Therefore, it is found near coral reefs, lagoons, or on the outer slopes of reefs.

It is found in the Indo-West Pacific Ocean (Red Sea, South Africa, Natal, northern Japan and southern Australia).

How can it be recognised?

  • The shape of its tail is reminiscent of the lyre (a musical instrument with strings).
  • Males and females can be differentiated by their size and colour. Females are yellow to orange with a horizontal purple line running from the eye to the pectoral fin.
  • Males are larger, pink to carmine red in colour with yellow sides.
  • They also have a coloured line near the eye, but it is dark red. The edges of their fins are blue.

What is distinctive about it?

This species is hermaphrodite. Over the course of their growth, some females may change sex and become male. If a male dies, the dominant female in the group will change sex and become a male.

Sea Goldie

Where can I find it at Nausicaá?

journey on the high seas

Diving in the high seas

Tropical reef fish

The Ocean Mag

Browse through our Ocean Mag

A la une

A treaty on biodiversity in the high seas

More than 80 states gathered at the United Nations in New York have already signed the international treaty on the protection of the high seas.

banc de mérous ile de malpelo


A brief glossary of terms covering the poles and glaciers

Do you speak polar? What is the difference between pack ice and icebergs? Here are a few definitions to help you understand the cryosphere.


Poles, glaciers and climate change

A look at why glaciers and the poles are important in the fight against climate change.