Gilthead seabream Sparus aurata

Gilthead seabream

  Cold and temperate sea fish

Gilthead seabream Sparus aurata

Identity card

Gilthead seabream

Scientific name:
Sparus aurata
Family:
Sparidae
Class:
Actinopterygii
Phylum:
Chordata
Year of description:
Linnaeus, 1758
IUCN Status:
Least Concern
CITES-status:

Not evaluated

Distribution:

Mediterranean Sea, East Atlantic and south of Brittany. In the southern British Isles, the Black Sea. Strait of Dover.

Habitat:

The gilthead seabream lives along the coast, sometimes venturing into brackish waters down to a depth of 30 metres.

Size:

When fully grown, it measures between 20 and 50 cm on average.

Diet:

Mussels, crabs, fish and sometimes even algae.

Longevity:

11 years

Gilthead seabream Sparus aurata
 

The breeding periods for gilthead seabream vary depending on where the species is located.

The breeding periods vary more or less late depending on where it lives.

The gilthead seabream uses its molar-shaped teeth to break the shells of the mussels and crabs on which it feeds.

Did you know?

Where is the animal to be found?

The gilthead seabream lives along the coast, sometimes venturing into brackish waters down to a depth of 30 metres. Sighted in the Mediterranean Sea, East Atlantic and south of Brittany. It has also been sighted in the southern British Isles, the Black Sea and even in the Strait of Dover.

How can it be recognised? 

The gilthead seabream can be recognised by the gold stripe on its forehead, located between the eyes. It is also known as the royal seabream. It gets its name gilthead from the gold stripe that is reminiscent of the shape of a crown.



It has a black spot at the base of the lateral line, its sides are silver-grey and have an oval shape. When fully grown, it measures between 20 and 50 cm on average.

What is distinctive about it?

Gilthead seabream change sex during their lifetime. They are born male and later become female after 3 years. Therefore, they are sequential hermaphrodites.

Where can I find it at Nausicaá?

The Mankind and Shores exhibition

Gilthead seabream Sparus aurata

Cold and temperate sea fish

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