What is the IPCC?

The IPCC, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, has existed since 1988.

glacier, chagement climatique : qu'est ce que le giec ?

In September 2019, the IPCC Special Report on the Ocean and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate was published. Scientists analysed climate change in relation to the ocean, including ocean warming, the link between climate change and the Southern Ocean, rising sea levels, extreme events and deoxygenation of marine waters.

The global warming resulting from the increase in greenhouse gas emissions linked to human activities is causing clear and sometimes irreversible changes on the scale of human societies, ocean environments and the cryosphere. The impact of these changes will be felt from the peaks of the highest mountains to the greatest depths of the oceans, leading to unprecedented changes in living conditions and risks to living organisms, ecosystems and human communities.

The ocean has absorbed more than 90% of the excess heat and about 30% of the CO2 emissions from human activities, thereby limiting the magnitude of the temperature rise in the atmosphere. However, it is affected by a constant rise in seawater temperature, acidification and deoxygenation of the ocean, as well as a decline in ice and frozen land.

In 2007, the IPCC received the Nobel Peace Prize for its work, acknowledging the importance of advancing and disseminating knowledge about human-induced climate change. This knowledge leads to policies being introduced to limit and counteract the effects of global warming. Preserving the climate also means preserving peace throughout the world.


  • The rate at which the ocean is getting warmer is accelerating. This is causing oceanic heat waves that have a major impact on marine biodiversity.
  • Sea levels are rising faster than earlier predictions. By the end of the century, it could increase by 1.5 cm per year with a global rise of 110 cm.
  • The ocean is losing oxygen, which could lead to a 15% loss in global marine animal biomass by 2100.

In the eye of the climate

Melting ice, rising waters, hurricanes, fires... a spectacular journey lies ahead of you from the 25th of July: 430m2 of floor-to-wall video projections and a spectacular soundscape to discover and experience the effects of global warming! A fully immersive experience to understand the power you have to make a difference in your everyday life.

Ocean & climate

Rising sea levels in France in 2040

The Ocean and the Climate 5mn

The rise in ocean temperature and the melting of ice is caus...

Marine currents, the regulators of the c...

The Ocean and the Climate 6mn

Life on Earth cannot exist without the ocean.

quelles menaces pour l'ours polaire ?

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Biodiversity 4mn

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Taking action in our day-to-day lives for the climate

Taking action in our day-to-day lives fo...

The Ocean and the Climate 5mn

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How does the ocean absorb carbon?

The Ocean and the Climate 2mn

The ocean plays a fundamental role in regulating the climate...

Final section of the 6th IPCC report

The Ocean and the Climate 2mn

On the 4th of April 2022, the IPCC published the last part o...